The “Medium and Long-term Development Plan for Renewable Energy” and the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan for Biomass Energy Development” put forward the guiding ideology, development tasks, development goals and safeguard measures for China’s biomass energy development from now to 2020. Guide the development of biomass energy in China.
During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, the development goal of biomass energy: By 2015, the biomass energy industry will form a larger scale, and initially realize commercialization and large-scale utilization in the fields of electricity, heating, and rural life energy. Expand the scale of alternative petroleum fuels. Biomass energy utilization technology and the ability to produce major equipment technologies have been significantly improved, and a number of new biomass energy companies with strong technological innovation capabilities and larger scales have emerged, forming a relatively complete biomass energy industry system.
In 2015, China completed a number of new technology industrialization demonstration projects for the comprehensive utilization of biomass energy, and the annual utilization of biomass energy exceeded 50 million tons of standard coal. Among them, the installed capacity of biomass power generation is 13 million kilowatts, the annual power generation is about 78 billion kilowatt-hours, the annual gas supply of biomass is 22 billion cubic meters, the biomass molding fuel is 10 million tons, and the bio-liquid fuel is 5 million tons.
During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, China has accelerated the large-scale development and utilization of biomass energy. In 2015, the installed capacity of agricultural and forestry biomass power generation reached 8 million kilowatts, the installed capacity of municipal solid waste power generation reached 3 million kilowatts, and the installed capacity of biogas power generation reached 2 million kilowatts. We will accelerate the development of non-grain biological liquid fuels and build 2 million hectares of oil energy forest bases. Established a batch of industrial-scale cellulosic ethanol demonstration projects and built a cellulase mass production base: the annual output of biofuel ethanol reached 4 million tons, and the annual output of biodiesel and aviation biofuels was 1 million tons: actively promote biomass gas , The centralized supply of biomass gas reaches 3 billion cubic meters per year, 50 million rural biogas users, and the annual output of 19 billion cubic meters of biogas: the annual utilization of biomass briquettes reaches 10 million tons.
In the “Renewable Energy Medium and Long-term Development Plan”, it is clearly pointed out that the overall goal of China’s renewable energy development in the next 15 years is to increase the proportion of renewable energy in energy consumption, and solve the electricity problem of the population in remote areas and the shortage of fuel for rural life. The problem is to promote the energy utilization of organic waste and promote the industrial development of renewable energy technologies.
China’s proven oil and natural gas resources are scarce, and it is difficult to achieve coordinated economic, social and environmental development by relying solely on petrochemical energy. Biomass energy technology has matured or is close to maturity, and has good prospects for large-scale development and utilization. Accelerating the development of large-scale applications of biomass energy and reducing the proportion of coal in energy consumption are the primary goals of China’s biomass energy development.
- Adhere to the coordination of the development and utilization of resources with the economy, society and environment
The development of biomass energy should not only pay attention to large-scale development and utilization, and continuously increase the proportion of biomass energy in energy supply, but also pay attention to the importance of biomass energy in solving rural energy problems, developing circular economy, and building resource-saving and environmentally friendly The role of a society-oriented society should pay more attention to coordination with the environment and ecological protection. According to resource conditions and the needs of economic and social development, under the premise of protecting the environment and ecosystem, scientific planning, local conditions, reasonable layout, and orderly development should be made. In particular, we must attach great importance to the relationship between biomass energy development and food and the ecological environment, and must not occupy cultivated land illegally, consume a large amount of food, or destroy the ecological environment.
- Persist in mutual promotion of market development and industrial development
For emerging biomass energy such as wind power and biomass power generation with great resource potential and promising commercial development prospects, while increasing investment in technological development, it will take necessary measures to expand market demand and take sustainable and stable market demand as the biomass energy industry The development of the country creates favorable conditions. Establish a biomass energy technology development and industrial development system based on self-innovation, accelerate the technological progress of biomass energy, improve equipment manufacturing capabilities, and improve the market competitiveness of biomass energy through continuous large-scale development, and provide biomass energy Lay the foundation for the large-scale development of the country.
- Adhere to the combination of short-term development and utilization with long-term technical reserves
Actively develop biomass energy technology that has huge potential in the future and has certain market demand in the near future. We should not only pay attention to hydropower, biomass power generation, biogas, biomass solid fuel, wind power and solar thermal utilization that are suitable for application in the near future, but also pay attention to the promising future development of solar photovoltaic power generation, bio-liquid fuel and other biomass energy technologies.
- Adhere to the combination of policy incentives and market mechanisms
The state uses economic incentive policies to support the use of biomass energy technology to solve the problem of rural energy shortages and no electricity, and to develop a circular economy. At the same time, the state establishes a market mechanism to promote the development of biomass energy, uses market-based means to mobilize the enthusiasm of investors, improves the technical level of biomass energy, promotes the industrialization of biomass energy, and continuously improves the competitiveness of biomass energy. Biomass energy has been developed on a larger scale with the support of national policies.